Our editors will review what you have submitted and determine if they should review the article. Baseball, a game played with a bat, a ball and gloves between two teams of nine players each on a field with four white bases arranged in the shape of a diamond (i.e. Teams alternate positions as batters (attack) and field players (defense) and swap places when three members of the batting team are “eliminated”. As batters, players try to hit the ball out of reach of the field team and make a complete circuit around the bases to “run”.
The team that scores the most runs in nine innings (times at bat) wins the game. Baseball also reformed the nation's calendar. With the rise of industrialization, the standardized clock in the office or factory deprived people of the previous experience of time, in its rich association with the hours of the day, the natural rhythms of the seasons and the traditional church calendar. However, for the Americans, the opening of the baseball training season marked the arrival of spring, playing in the regular season meant summer, and the World Series marked the arrival of fall.
In winter, baseball fans would participate in “popular leagues”, recalling games and big games from the past and speculating on what the next season would hold for them. While baseball possessed enormous integrative powers, the history of the game has also been interwoven and reflected important social and cultural divisions. Until the first decades of the 20th century, middle-class evangelical Protestants viewed sports with deep suspicion. They associated baseball, or at least the professional version of the game, with those who never do well, immigrants, the working class, drinking, gambling and the general uproar.
On the contrary, these same qualities served as the basis for the rise of ethnic groups in the country's ghettos. In the 19th century, Irish and German Americans excelled both in baseball (as well as in other commercial entertainment venues) and in more “respectable” occupations, and some observers wondered if they had a special capacity to play the game. However, although it failed to resolve conflicts stemming from fundamental social divisions, baseball showed an extraordinary capacity to foster ties. In the 1850s, young artisans and employees, who often traveled to the city and whose lifestyles changed rapidly in the midst of the Industrial Revolution, conceived of themselves as members of what was known as the “baseball fraternity”.
Like the volunteer fire departments and militia units of the time, they put on special uniforms, developed their own rituals and, when playing baseball, shared powerful common experiences. Playing and watching baseball contests also strengthened occupational, ethnic, and racial identities. Butchers, printers, cartoonists, masons, and even clergymen organized baseball clubs. So did Irish Americans, German Americans, and African-Americans.
Baseball parks became important local civic monuments and repositories of collective memories. The first parks had been flimsy wooden structures built in jerseys, but between 1909 and 1923 some 15 major league clubs built new, more permanent steel and concrete parks. These buildings were similar to the great public buildings, skyscrapers and railway terminals of the time; local residents proudly pointed to them as proof of their city's size and achievements. Considering them shelters from the noise, dirt and misery of the industrial city, the owners gave the first parks the pastoral names of Ebbets Field, Sportsman's Park and Polo Grounds, but, with the construction of symmetric multi-sport facilities in the 1960s and 1970s, urban and futuristic names such as Astrodome and Kingdome predominated.
In a new era of park construction in the 1990s, designers tried to recover the atmosphere of previous times by designing “retro parks”, a term that was a kind of oxymoron, since, although the new parks offered fans the intimacy of old parks, at the same time they provided modern amenities, such as escalators, air-conditioned living rooms, high-tech audiovisual systems, areas of Disney-style children's games and space for numerous retail outlets. The increasing corporate influence in the game was reflected in the names of the parks, such as Network Associates Stadium and Bank One Ballpark. Around the middle of the 20th century, baseball's claim to be the sport of the United States was based on more precarious grounds than in the past. The sport faced stiff competition, not only from other professional sports (especially field soccer), but even more so from a massive conversion of Americans from public distractions to private distractions and at home.
Attendance as a percentage of the population declined at all levels of baseball, the minor leagues became a shell of what they were before, and hundreds of semi-professional and amateur teams withdrew. In the 1990s, player strikes, free agency, disparities in competition, and the rising cost of attending games added to major league baseball's problems. However, baseball continued to show remarkable resilience; attendance at professional games improved and attendance at minor league games was close to World War II records at the turn of the century. At the beginning of the 21st century, baseball continued to face serious problems, but the sport was gaining popularity around the world and it could still be firmly argued that baseball held a special place in the hearts and minds of the American people.
Baseball is popular at all age and skill levels and in many different areas of the world. Kids often grow up playing baseball with many kids playing T-ball (a form of baseball in which the ball is placed on a tee so it's easy to hit) at age 4 or 5 and then move on to the coaching field, player field, minor leagues, high school, college and major leagues. Professional baseball in the United States has many levels of baseball called minor leagues. In the minors, players hone their skills and become major league players.
The minor leagues also provide small towns with the opportunity to have their own professional baseball team and have been an important part of maintaining baseball's popularity. Baseball is a sport that combines many different physical and mental talents. Many players are specialists, such as the thrower, who specializes in throwing the ball precisely to the batter, but also making the ball difficult to hit. Some players are good at home runs, while others are experts at playing the field.
It is this combination of skills and team play that makes the game complex and interesting. Baseball differs from many other major sports, such as basketball and soccer, in that there is no clock. This gives baseball a slow, methodical pace that is unique and is also ideal for the long, lazy summer days when the game is played. Strategy and subtlety are key elements to winning games.
Baseball also has a rich history of unique players and personalities who have become household names. Some of these players include Babe Ruth, Joe DiMaggio, Hank Aaron and Jackie Robinson. Baseball's long history, heroic players and rich play have made it one of the most popular sports in the world. Baseball is a game in which a player hits a ball with a bat and runs across the field, stepping on three bases before returning to where he started.
Most baseball games last seven innings. . .